Wedding by abduction soars in Bihar, over 3,000 grooms tied up knot at gunpoint in 2016

The amounts of wedding by abduction, the tradition is easy: zero-in for a potential groom, kidnap him while making him tie the nuptial knot at gunpoint, are growing.


  • Abduction by marriage is absolutely nothing unusual in Bihar.

Might 25 ended up being supposed to be a day that is memorable Julie, a 19-year-old girl in Bihar’s Muzaffarpur region, 70 km north of this state money Patna. She has been visited by a for makeup products and Julie had been sparkling inside her bridal attire.

Her home ended up being all decked up, the pandit (priest) had been here to chant sacred mantra and Abhinay Kumar, a 22-year-old youth she would be to connect the nuptial knot, had been prepared, though under duress. But, simply once the wedding mantras had been over, the authorities arrived; looking for the kidnapped groom after their moms and dads registered situation for this impact. But as always, the cops arrived belated, and also by the time the wedding had been over.

They nevertheless desired to save the groom however the bride along with her household – supported with family relations and villagers – set up a difficult battle, forcing the cops to beat a hasty retreat. The cops returned a full hour later on, angrier than before; as well as in greater quantity. They swung their batons with such ferocity so it left almost two dozen gents and ladies, including Julie hurt.

Now, per week later on, with accidents all over her human body, julie remains struggling to walk directly. The Muzaffarpur senior superintendent of authorities Vivek Kumar has suspended Gayghat authorities section in-charge Rajesh Choudhary, keeping him in charge of excesses. Truly the only positive outcome for Julie when you look at the whole drama ended up being that her husband who was simply reluctant to marry her initially begun to empathise, seeing her writhing in pain.

“We have accepted her as my spouse. Whatever distinction there clearly was between our families, it will probably conquer fleetingly. Time will heal every thing, ” he states.


Seems like a way that is unusual get hitched? In Julie and Abhinay’s Bihar what exactly is bizarre isn’t the way where the few stepped along the aisle, nevertheless the police action that then followed. Interestingly, that is absolutely nothing uncommon in Bihar while the state witnesses around 3,000 partners getting hitched into the exact same design, virtually every 12 months. Statistics comes down seriously to nine marriages that are such time.

Referred to as Pakadwa Vivah (wedding by abduction), the tradition is straightforward: zero-in on a groom that is prospective kidnap him and also make him connect the nuptial knot at gunpoint. In addition to true figures are actually growing. Bihar witnessed 3,075 kidnapping for wedding in 2016. It had been 3,001 in 2015 and 2,533 in 2014. And a lot of these marriages survive.

Abduction for marriage seems to have remained unabated in 2017 too. In accordance with numbers available aided by the police, Bihar already has reported 830 kidnappings for wedding by March this season. Having said that, just eight situations of kidnappings for ransom – which Bihar ended up being when infamous for – have already been registered in those times.

Demonstrably, abduction for wedding is practically like a proven, acceptable trend in Bihar. The NCRB Crime in Asia Report, 2015 report – which will be the most up-to-date formal figure available at current – additionally verifies that while Bihar is far below other States in terms of abduction of men below 18 years old, it stands at the very top in the united kingdom in terms of abductions of above 18-year-old males. In reality, the wide range of abducted men from Bihar when you look at the 18 to 30 age-group category ended up being 1,096 in 2015. Their state alone accounted for nearly 17 % associated with the figure that is national the category.

“The abduction of males for wedding is a direct result of social evils like dowry. It really is a rearguard action through the bride’s household, which discovers itself under great product load while organizing the wedding. In a society that is traditionally patriarchal Bihar, marriages have grown to be a money-minting enterprise when it comes to kid’s moms and dads. Therefore, families without wherewithal to prepare a decent resort that is dowry hopeless measures like abducting the right bridegroom because of their child’s marriage, ” claims Ashok Priyadarshi, an instructor in Nawada, an area infamous for such marriages.


Though unlawful, dowry is an inescapable marriage that is traditional through which the groom’s family members demands enormous amounts of cash and goods through the bride’s family members as a disorder for permitting their son marry her.

Families turn to snatch guys – frequently young males- since it is easier than approaching kid’s families and less expensive than having to pay the conventional “dowry, ” which will be in lakhs plus a car.

Kamta Singh, Chairman of a primary agriculture credit community in Rampur, Navada stated that nearly 90 per cent marriages into the town have already been solemnised by kidnapping a bridegroom. A number that is good of are kidnapped and hitched off during matriculation and intermediate exams if they go to the assessment centers. In March, a 17-year-old kid ended up being kidnapped from Patna and hitched down up to a 15-year-old woman right after he reached the town with a relative who was simply showing up for matriculation assessment. The kid, a course XII pupil, had been whisked away by four males on two bikes after smothering him unconscious having a chloroformed cloth. Because of the time the child regained his senses, he had been inside a residence with many individuals around, whom told him which he ended up being now hitched. Their clothing too had been turned into bridal attire.

Families frequently utilize buddies and family relations, and on occasion even employ expert crooks, to carryout abductions for marriages. In-may 2009, crooks assigned to kidnap 16-year-old Lalbabu for marriage, exposed fire in Gaya to terrorise a small grouping of pupils, have been with all the target as he came out from a mentoring Centre.

Lalbabu’s buddy Praveen received a gunshot and succumbed to his accidents. A shocked Lalbabu had been abducted by the crooks up to a temple in Jehanabad district where he had been obligated to marry a girl that is 13-year-old beneath the shadow of the weapon. The wedding, nonetheless, dropped apart because of the authorities registering murder instances contrary to the bride’s daddy and sibling.


Also protection personnel on their own could be kidnapped by the crooks. When, the bodyguard of the Bihar Cadre IPS officer Shivdeep W Lande, now on deputation to Maharashtra, ended up being kidnapped as he had been published in Jamalpur. However the kidnappers set him free after realising that a police could be invited by them backlash.

Once a child is taken and kidnapped to a bride’s house, his future in-laws you will need to soothe him straight straight down by placing a marriage headgear onto their head. The embroidered headgear, known as a Mauri, is really an icon of their submissive acceptance. Many fight fiercely, but every kidnapped child ultimately relents under duress. In nearly all such instances, the villagers stretch help towards the woman’s household. The ceremony is videographed so the tapes may be used as proof later on.

In reality, also priests of town temples – where marriages are solemnised, like within the full instance of Lalbabu – cooperate utilizing the woman’s family and issue a certification of wedding. Demonstrably, the approval from culture to such marriages has emboldened the families to use the legislation in their fingers.

The training has theoretically been unlawful for many years, nevertheless the legislation hardly ever is enforced. Brutal whilst the customized is, it really is commonly regarded as practical.


“a lot of people do not care it is unlawful since there is a really high risk of reconciliation. The kid’s family members frets and fumes following the wedding but and then raise a demand that is dowry. Guaranteed that the kid is currently theirs, your ex’s moms and dad may also be prepared to settle things by providing one-fourth of this dowry that is usual they might experienced to provide had the kid perhaps maybe not been hitched, ” stated Hetukar Jha a retired sociology teacher at Patna University.

Rajiv Narayan of Nawada in Bihar is amongst the many men that are such has place the past behind and accepted their spouse, with whom he had been forcefully hitched in 1976. Rajiv ended up being tricked to see Badhaiya in Lakhisarai region where he had been hitched under duress as he was simply 14.

He had been hitched to Madhuri Devi, who was simply just 12. Their loved ones permitted the two to accomplish their studies ahead of the two had been formally built to live together. Today Rajiv is required being a meter audience with Bihar Electricity Board while Madhuri is college teacher at Nawada.

Rajiv’s younger brother Ashok (40 12 months), legal counsel, had been hitched during the chronilogical age of 13 in a comparable fashion with Annu of Pakribaswan town. The brother Dhannjay that is youngest ended up being additionally abducted and married to Sunita of Bighawa village in 2002. Dhananjay, 25, now operates a pc equipment store.

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